During the post-world war II period, industrialization was an irresistible trend made global by the dynamics of international trade. Today, the industrial society faces the risks created by its own success. Its growth has been accompanied by a voracious use of natural resources and increasing inequalities (insecurities) between industrial countries and the rest of the world. In fact, industrialization to date has been based on energy and it has been, and continues to be based on fossil fuels and the attendant emission of carbon dioxide, which can cause climatic change. Thus, a vision of a new society in which humans live in harmony with each other and with nature, is very imperative. This transition is described as digitalization or knowledge revolution, driven by the technologies for processing and communicating it. This therefore requires new institutions and policies to reach a sustainable outcome by 2050 (that is, an era where increasing fraction of economic output will be knowledge-intensive).